Short Answer: Grits are not very good for CKD. Because they have high amounts of phosphorus and sodium and they can worsen your kidney function and raise your blood pressure.
CKD is a condition that affects your kidneys.
In CKD, your kidneys gradually lose their ability to filter waste and excess fluid from your blood.
This can lead to various health problems, such as anemia, bone disease, cardiovascular disease, and high blood pressure.
One of the key factors in managing CKD is diet.
What you consume can affect your electrolyte levels, blood pressure, and kidney function, which can impact your CKD symptoms and overall health.
To effectively manage CKD, you should consume protein, potassium, phosphorus, and sodium in moderation and follow the recommendations of your doctor or dietitian.
You should also consume fiber, calcium, iron, and vitamin D rich foods like fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy products, and lean meats.
Now, grits are a type of porridge made from coarsely ground dried corn or hominy.
People usually eat them for breakfast or as a side dish with various toppings or seasonings.
Grits are not very good for CKD because they contain high amounts of phosphorus and sodium, which can worsen your kidney function and raise your blood pressure.
If you have stage 4 or 5 CKD, you should avoid grits altogether.
If you have stage 1 to 3 CKD, you can eat grits occasionally and in small portions, but you should choose low-sodium and low-phosphorus varieties and limit your toppings or seasonings.
One cup of cooked grits can give you about 180 calories, 4 grams of protein, 38 grams of carbohydrates, 2 grams of fiber, 1 gram of fat, 162 milligrams of sodium, 182 milligrams of phosphorus, and 69 milligrams of potassium.
These amounts vary depending on the type and brand of grits you use.
Phosphorus can affect your bone health and increase your risk of calcification in your blood vessels and organs.
Sodium can increase your blood pressure and fluid retention, which can strain your heart and kidneys.
Potassium can affect your heart rhythm and muscle function, especially if your kidneys cannot remove it properly.
Furthermore, grits are a refined grain and refined grains are not very good for CKD.
Because, they have less fiber, vitamins, and minerals than whole grains and they can raise your blood sugar levels and inflammation.
That’s why I suggest you limit your grits intake to prevent further damage to your kidneys and other complications.
Stick to half a cup or less of cooked grits per serving and choose low-sodium and low-phosphorus varieties.
You can also add some low-fat cheese, eggs, or lean meat to increase the protein content and balance your meal.
Also, you shouldn’t eat grits if you have high blood potassium or phosphorus levels to prevent hyperkalemia or hyperphosphatemia.
Because, these conditions can cause serious and life-threatening complications such as muscle weakness, irregular heartbeat, bone pain, and itching.
You can buy grits in your local grocery store or online.
Always choose stone-ground, organic, or heirloom grits if possible.
Because, they have more flavor, texture, and nutrients than instant or quick-cooking grits.
You can store them in a cool, dry, and dark place for up to a year or in the freezer for longer.
Finally, remember, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, stress management and essential medical care is key to managing CKD effectively.
I always recommend my CKD patients to follow a CKD-friendly diet to improve their overall well-being, and enjoy a longer and healthier life.