- Falls are the main cause of disability in old age.
- Calcium and protein deficiency may be the reason for lower bone strength.
- This new study showed that dairy foods can prevent falls and fractures in old age.
If you fall once in old age, you may fall again. 
Every year, approximately 684 000 individuals die from falls globally. 
Most falls don’t cause serious injury, but there is a risk of older people.
Falls can be the result of many factors, like increasing age, medication use, cognitive impairment and sensory deficits.
Foods rich in calcium and protein, such as milk, yogurt and cheese, help prevent bone fragility.
But few studies have investigated whether increasing daily intake of these foods is an effective and safe way to reduce the risk of fractures in older adults.
This new study showed that dairy foods can prevent falls and fractures in elderly.
Table of Contents
- Key Highlights
- How was the Research Done?
- What is the Result of this Study?
- What did the Researchers say?
- How Dairy Foods can Prevent Falls and Fractures?
- The Final Word
How was the Research Done?
This study was done by researchers from Australia, the Netherlands, and the United States and published in the journal ‘The BMJ’. 
For this study, researchers selected 60 Australian aged care facilities housing 7,195 residents (72% women; average age 86 years).
Researchers analyzed that participants got daily vitamin D requirements; while they didn’t fulfill calcium and protein requirements.
Then they randomly divided 60 aged care facilities into two groups: intervention facilities and control facilities.
In intervention facilities, researchers provide residents with additional milk, yogurt, and cheese to fulfil their recommended calcium and protein intake of 1,142 mg calcium/day and 1.1 g protein/kg body weight/day.
While in control facilities, they continued with their usual diet (700 mg/day calcium and 0.9 g protein/kg body weight/day).
After two years of follow up, researchers analyzed the data from 27 intervention facilities and 29 control facilities.
What is the Result of this Study?
The report included 324 fractures (135 hip fractures), 4,302 falls, and 1,974 deaths occurred during the study period.
After analyzing the data, researchers found that in intervention facilities, all fractures were reduced by 33% (121 v 203), hip fractures reduced by 46% (42 v 93) and falls reduced by 11% (1,879 v 2,423).
They also found that there was no group difference in mortality for all reasons.
The fracture reduction rate was found similar to the trials using potent drug therapy to increase bone strength in people with osteoporosis.
What did the Researchers say?
According to the researchers, improving calcium and protein intakes by using dairy foods “is a readily accessible intervention that reduces the risk of falls and fractures commonly occurring in institutionalized older adults.”
They also added that this nutritional intervention has widespread implications as a public health measure for fracture prevention in the aged care setting and potentially in the wider community.
How Dairy Foods can Prevent Falls and Fractures?
Researchers didn’t mention the exact reason.
But calcium and protein proved to be the primary nutrient to strengthen the bones.
Including dairy products is one of the easy ways to get required calcium and protein. 
Without sufficient calcium and protein, our bones will lose their strength quickly in old age. 
The Final Word
If you’re over 60 years of age, you should be very careful about falls.
Because if you fall once, there is a chance you fall again. 
To prevent this, your diet should be well planned.
Visit your dietician to get professional advice.
This article is written by a certified nutritionist and verified by scientific evidence. ☑️
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- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Important Facts about Falls. Accessed 29 October 2021.
- World Health Organization (WHO): Falls.
- British Medical Journal (BMJ): Increasing dairy intake reduces falls and fractures among older care home residents.
- Nutrients: Milk and Dairy Products and Their Nutritional Contribution to the Average Polish Diet.
- The Journal of Nutrition (JN): Low Protein Intake: The Impact on Calcium and Bone Homeostasis in Humans.